وبلاگ تخصصی كاردانی و كارشناسی مهندسی عمران ذکات دانش نشر آن است . ( پیامبر اکرم) با عرض سلام خدمت دوستان و دانشجویان و علاقه مندان صنعت عمران. به وبلاگ تخصصی کاردانی و کارشناسی مهندسی عمران خوش آمدید. وبلاگی رو که ملاحظه می فرمائید وبلاگی است پیرامون مسایل مربوط به مهندسی عمران در مقاطع کاردانی و کارشناسی. از شما دوستان تقاضامندم با گذاشتن نظرات و راهنمایی های خودتون ما را در هر چه پر بارتر شدن این وبلاگ یاری کنید. برای پیداکردن موضوع مورد نظرتون به آرشیو مطالب رجوع کنید. درضمن مقاله ها و جزوات و فیلمها و عکسهای خوب خودتون رو برای ما ایمیل کنید تا با نام خود تون در وبلاگ منشر کنیم. برای مشاوره و راهنمایی میتونید برای ما پیام بزارید تا حتی الامکان شمارو راهنمایی کنیم.منتظر حضور سبزتان هستم http://atilaomransazeh.mihanblog.com 2020-04-05T11:44:34+01:00 text/html 2012-02-20T16:43:12+01:00 atilaomransazeh.mihanblog.com آتیلا امینی انواع سقف ها(قسمت یازدهم) http://atilaomransazeh.mihanblog.com/post/88 <!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:OfficeDocumentSettings> <o:TargetScreenSize>800x600</o:TargetScreenSize> </o:OfficeDocumentSettings> </xml><![endif][if gte mso 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class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height:150%"><b><span style="font-size:14.0pt;line-height:150%;font-family:&quot;B Zar&quot;;mso-ascii-font-family: Tahoma;mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;color:#FF6633" lang="FA">سقف ضربی کُرمیت</span></b><b><span dir="LTR" style="font-size:14.0pt;line-height:150%;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;B Zar&quot;"></span></b></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;B Zar&quot;; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(51, 204, 0);" lang="FA">به علت اجبار در استفاده</span><span style="font-weight: bold; color: rgb(51, 204, 0);" dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(51, 204, 0);" lang="FA"><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;B Zar&quot;; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(51, 204, 0);" lang="FA">ار مصالح فشاری از زمان های قدیم استفاده از طاق قوسی متداول بوده و به</span><span style="font-weight: bold; color: rgb(51, 204, 0);" dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(51, 204, 0);" lang="FA"><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;B Zar&quot;; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(51, 204, 0);" lang="FA">همین جهت استفاده از سیستم طاق ضربی نیز به عنوان نوعی طاق قوسی رواج</span><span style="font-weight: bold; color: rgb(51, 204, 0);" dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(51, 204, 0);" lang="FA"><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;B Zar&quot;; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(51, 204, 0);" lang="FA">داشته است. وجود اشکالات عمده در عملکرد سقف های ضربی با تیرآهن مانند عدم</span><span style="font-weight: bold; color: rgb(51, 204, 0);" dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(51, 204, 0);" lang="FA"><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;B Zar&quot;; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(51, 204, 0);" lang="FA">ایجاد یک دیافراگم مناسب بین ستون ها و مصرف زیاد فولاد در مقایسه با</span><span style="font-weight: bold; color: rgb(51, 204, 0);" dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(51, 204, 0);" lang="FA"><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;B Zar&quot;; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(51, 204, 0);" lang="FA">مقدار باربری ، باعث شد تا در سال 1356 با ارائه طرحی بهینه « سقف ضربی</span><span style="font-weight: bold; color: rgb(51, 204, 0);" dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(51, 204, 0);" lang="FA"><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;B Zar&quot;; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(51, 204, 0);" lang="FA">کُرمیت » نسبت به اصلاح این سیستم اقدام گردد</span><span style="font-weight: bold; color: rgb(51, 204, 0);" dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(51, 204, 0);"><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR"></span>.</span><span dir="LTR" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(51, 204, 0);"></span><br><span dir="LTR" style="font-size:14.0pt;line-height:150%;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;B Zar&quot;"> </span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;B Zar&quot;; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(0, 153, 0);" lang="FA">در</span><span style="font-weight: bold; color: rgb(0, 153, 0);" dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(0, 153, 0);" lang="FA"><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;B Zar&quot;; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(0, 153, 0);" lang="FA">سیستم طاق ضربی کُرمیت وجود بتن روی سقف می تواند یک دیافراگم مناسب بین</span><span style="font-weight: bold; color: rgb(0, 153, 0);" dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(0, 153, 0);" lang="FA"><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;B Zar&quot;; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(0, 153, 0);" lang="FA">ستون ها ایجاد کند و همچنین به علت بازبودن جان تیرچه ها مقدار زیادی در</span><span style="font-weight: bold; color: rgb(0, 153, 0);" dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(0, 153, 0);" lang="FA"><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;B Zar&quot;; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(0, 153, 0);" lang="FA">مصرف فولاد صرفه جویی می شود</span><span style="font-weight: bold; color: rgb(0, 153, 0);" dir="LTR"></span><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:OfficeDocumentSettings> <o:TargetScreenSize>800x600</o:TargetScreenSize> </o:OfficeDocumentSettings> </xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 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<![endif]--><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;B Zar&quot;; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(0, 153, 0);" lang="FA">.اگر چه از این سیستم در انبوه سازی استفاده نمی شود ، اما برای پروژه های كوچك و یا دور افتاده ، هنوز هم كاربرد دارد</span><span style="font-weight: bold; color: rgb(0, 153, 0);" dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="font-size:14.0pt; line-height:150%;font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;B Zar&quot;"><span style="font-weight: bold; color: rgb(0, 153, 0);">.</span> </span><span dir="LTR" style="font-size: 14.0pt;line-height:150%;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;B Zar&quot;"></span></p> text/html 2012-02-20T16:41:45+01:00 atilaomransazeh.mihanblog.com آتیلا امینی انواع سقف ها(قسمت دهم) http://atilaomransazeh.mihanblog.com/post/87 <!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:OfficeDocumentSettings> <o:TargetScreenSize>800x600</o:TargetScreenSize> </o:OfficeDocumentSettings> </xml><![endif][if gte mso 9]><xml> 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class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height:150%"><b><span style="font-size:14.0pt;line-height:150%;font-family:&quot;B Zar&quot;;mso-ascii-font-family: Tahoma;mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;color:#FF6633" lang="FA">سقف تیرچه و بلوک کُرمیت</span></b></p> <div style="text-align: justify; color: rgb(51, 51, 255); font-weight: bold;"><span dir="RTL" style="font-size:14.0pt;line-height:115%;font-family: &quot;B Zar&quot;;mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language:EN-US; mso-bidi-language:FA" lang="FA"><span style="font-weight: bold;"></span></span><span dir="RTL" style="font-size:14.0pt; line-height:115%;font-family:&quot;B Zar&quot;;mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;mso-fareast-font-family: Calibri;mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language: EN-US;mso-bidi-language:FA" lang="FA">متداول شدن سقف های تیرچه و بلوک سنتی برخی از مشکلات سیستم طاق ضربی</span><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR"></span><span style="font-size:14.0pt;line-height:115%;font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;B Zar&quot;;mso-ansi-language: EN-US;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:FA" lang="FA"><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span dir="RTL" style="font-size:14.0pt; line-height:115%;font-family:&quot;B Zar&quot;;mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;mso-fareast-font-family: Calibri;mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language: EN-US;mso-bidi-language:FA" lang="FA">مرتفع شد. اما این سقف ها مشکلات دیگری را به همراه خود پدید آوردند که</span><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR"></span><span style="font-size:14.0pt;line-height:115%;font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;B Zar&quot;;mso-ansi-language: EN-US;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:FA" lang="FA"><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span dir="RTL" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: &quot;B Zar&quot;;" lang="FA">عمده ترین آنها ضرورت استفاده از شمع بندی در زیر سقف است. </span><span dir="RTL" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: &quot;B Zar&quot;; color: rgb(51, 51, 255);" lang="FA">شمع</span><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 255);" dir="LTR"></span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(51, 51, 255);" lang="FA"><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span dir="RTL" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: &quot;B Zar&quot;; color: rgb(51, 51, 255);" lang="FA">بندی علاوه بر دست و پاگیر بودن هزینه زیادی را نیز بر ساختمان تحمیل می</span><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 255);" dir="LTR"></span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(51, 51, 255);" lang="FA"><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span dir="RTL" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: &quot;B Zar&quot;; color: rgb(51, 51, 255);" lang="FA">کند. در سال 1363 با استفاده از بلوك کُرمیت به جای طاق ضربی كه قبلا" در</span><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 255);" dir="LTR"></span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(51, 51, 255);" lang="FA"><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span dir="RTL" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: &quot;B Zar&quot;; color: rgb(51, 51, 255);" lang="FA">این سیستم بعنوان قالب ثابت بكار می رفت عملا" سقف تیرچه وبلوک کُرمیت</span><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 255);" dir="LTR"></span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(51, 51, 255);" lang="FA"><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span dir="RTL" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: &quot;B Zar&quot;; color: rgb(51, 51, 255);" lang="FA">وارد بازارشد</span><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 255); font-weight: bold;" dir="LTR"></span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(51, 51, 255); font-weight: bold;"><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR"></span>.</span></div> text/html 2012-02-20T16:16:32+01:00 atilaomransazeh.mihanblog.com آتیلا امینی انواع سقف ها(قسمت نهم) http://atilaomransazeh.mihanblog.com/post/85 <!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:OfficeDocumentSettings> <o:TargetScreenSize>800x600</o:TargetScreenSize> </o:OfficeDocumentSettings> </xml><![endif][if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:View>Normal</w:View> <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom> <w:TrackMoves/> <w:TrackFormatting/> <w:PunctuationKerning/> <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas/> <w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>false</w:SaveIfXMLInvalid> <w:IgnoreMixedContent>false</w:IgnoreMixedContent> 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style="mso-spacerun:yes">&nbsp;</span>سقفهای دارای تیرچه بتنی</span></a></span></font><b><span dir="LTR" style="font-size:14.0pt;line-height:150%;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;B Zar&quot;"></span></b></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"><span dir="RTL"></span><span dir="RTL"></span><span style="font-size:14.0pt;line-height:150%;font-family:&quot;B Zar&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma" lang="FA"><span dir="RTL"></span><span dir="RTL"></span><span style="font-weight: bold; color: rgb(255, 102, 0);">1 - مشخصات این نوع سقف بر اساس نشریه شماره 94 سازمان برنامه و بودجه تعیین می‌شود.</span></span><span dir="LTR" style="font-size:14.0pt;line-height:150%;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New 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scroll 0% 0% white; text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;B Zar&quot;; color: rgb(51, 204, 0); font-weight: bold;" lang="FA">در زیر مهمترین ویژگیهاای این نوع سقف در مقایسه با سقف تیرآهن </span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: rgb(51, 204, 0); font-weight: bold;" lang="FA">–</span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;B Zar&quot;; color: rgb(51, 204, 0); font-weight: bold;" lang="FA"> طاق ضربی و دال بتنی یکپارچه آمده است:</span><span dir="LTR" style="font-size:14.0pt;line-height:150%;font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;B Zar&quot;; color:#737373"></span></p> text/html 2012-02-20T15:51:23+01:00 atilaomransazeh.mihanblog.com آتیلا امینی انواع سقف ها(قسمت پنجم) http://atilaomransazeh.mihanblog.com/post/80 <!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> 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mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial;} </style> <![endif]--> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="margin-bottom: 0.0001pt; line-height: 150%; color: rgb(255, 0, 0);"><b><span style="font-size:14.0pt;line-height:150%; font-family:&quot;B Zar&quot;;mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma" lang="FA">میلگرد بالائی</span></b></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="margin-bottom: 0.0001pt; line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size:14.0pt;line-height:150%; font-family:&quot;B Zar&quot;;mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma" lang="FA">ا<span style="color: rgb(51, 204, 0); font-weight: bold;">ز میلگرد بالائی ( میلگرد ساده یا آجدار ) به منظور تحمل نیروی فشاری خرپا در مرحله اول باربری تیرچه استفاده می شود و قطر آن با توجه به نوع میلگرد و طول دهانه ، فاصله تیرچه ها ، ارتفاع خرپای تیرچه و ضخامت بتن پوششی ، همچنین فاصله های جوشکاری عرضی ، از 6 تا 12 میلیمتر متفاوت است </span></span></p> text/html 2012-02-20T15:47:33+01:00 atilaomransazeh.mihanblog.com آتیلا امینی انواع سقف ها(قسمت چهارم) http://atilaomransazeh.mihanblog.com/post/79 <!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:OfficeDocumentSettings> <o:TargetScreenSize>800x600</o:TargetScreenSize> </o:OfficeDocumentSettings> </xml><![endif][if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:View>Normal</w:View> <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom> <w:TrackMoves/> <w:TrackFormatting/> <w:PunctuationKerning/> <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas/> <w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>false</w:SaveIfXMLInvalid> <w:IgnoreMixedContent>false</w:IgnoreMixedContent> <w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText>false</w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText> <w:DoNotPromoteQF/> <w:LidThemeOther>EN-US</w:LidThemeOther> <w:LidThemeAsian>X-NONE</w:LidThemeAsian> <w:LidThemeComplexScript>AR-SA</w:LidThemeComplexScript> <w:Compatibility> <w:BreakWrappedTables/> <w:SnapToGridInCell/> 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font-family:&quot;B Zar&quot;;mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma" lang="FA">سقف تیرچه و بلوک</span></b></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL" style="margin-bottom: 0.0001pt; line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: &quot;B Zar&quot;; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(51, 204, 0);" lang="FA">پاره ای از محدودیت ها و ویژگیهای فنی سقف تیرچه و بلوک شامل تیرچه پیش ساخته نیز می شود. در زیر ویژگیهای مهم اجزای تشکیل دهنده خود تیرچه ، مورد بحث قرار می گیرد. تیرچه پیش ساخته از قسمت های زیر تشکیل می یابد :</span><span style="font-size:14.0pt;line-height:150%;font-family:&quot;B Zar&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;" lang="FA"> </span><span dir="LTR" style="font-size:14.0pt;line-height:150%;font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; 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Locked="false" Priority="59" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Table Grid"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Placeholder Text"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="1" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="No Spacing"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading Accent 1"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List Accent 1"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid Accent 1"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 1"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 1"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 1"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Revision"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="34" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="List Paragraph"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="29" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Quote"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="30" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Intense Quote"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 1"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 1"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 1"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 1"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List Accent 1"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 1"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List Accent 1"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 1"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading Accent 2"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List Accent 2"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid Accent 2"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 2"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 2"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 2"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 2"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 2"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 2"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 2"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List Accent 2"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 2"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List Accent 2"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 2"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading Accent 3"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List Accent 3"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid Accent 3"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 3"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 3"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 3"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 3"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 3"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 3"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 3"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List Accent 3"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 3"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List Accent 3"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 3"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading Accent 4"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List Accent 4"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid Accent 4"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 4"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 4"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 4"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 4"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 4"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 4"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 4"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List Accent 4"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 4"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List Accent 4"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 4"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading Accent 5"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List Accent 5"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid Accent 5"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 5"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 5"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 5"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 5"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 5"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 5"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 5"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List Accent 5"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 5"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List Accent 5"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 5"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading Accent 6"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List Accent 6"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid Accent 6"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 6"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 6"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 6"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 6"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 6"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 6"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 6"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List Accent 6"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 6"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List Accent 6"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 6"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="19" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Subtle Emphasis"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="21" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Intense Emphasis"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="31" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Subtle Reference"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="32" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Intense Reference"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="33" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Book Title"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="37" Name="Bibliography"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" QFormat="true" Name="TOC Heading"/> </w:LatentStyles> </xml><![endif][if gte mso 10]> <style> /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial;} </style> <![endif]--><font size="2"><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><span style="font-weight: bold;"><span style="font-family: tahoma,arial,helvetica,sans-serif;">آشنایی با سقف ها و عملکرد آنها</span></span></span></font> <p dir="RTL" style="line-height: 150%; direction: rtl; unicode-bidi: embed; text-align: justify; font-family: times new roman,times,serif; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(153, 0, 0);"><font size="1"><font style="font-family: times new roman,times,serif;" size="1"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%;" lang="FA">دیوارها می توانند هر فضایی را محصور نمایند ، اما سقف هر فضایی را امن می نماید. </span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%;" lang="FA"><span dir="LTR"></span> سقف ها به فضا آسایش می بخشند و آنها را از هجوم عوامل طبیعی مانند آفتاب و برف و باران حفظ می نمایند. </span><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%;" lang="FA"><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR"></span> به کمک سقف ها همانطور که در یک قفسه کتابخانه دیده می شود می توانیم ساختمان را به طبقات متعدد تقسیم نماییم در حقیقت ، دیوارها محیط اطراف خود را در جهت افقی تقسیم می کنند و سقف ها محیط را در جهت قایم تقسیم می نمایند</span></font><span dir="LTR" style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%;">.</span></font></p> text/html 2012-02-12T20:23:10+01:00 atilaomransazeh.mihanblog.com آتیلا امینی دانلود مجموعه تمام فونتهای فارسی اتوکد http://atilaomransazeh.mihanblog.com/post/74 <P align=justify><FONT color=#33cc00 size=3 face="times new roman,times,serif"><STRONG>سلام به دوستان</STRONG></FONT></P> <P align=justify><FONT color=#3333ff size=3 face="times new roman,times,serif"><STRONG>&nbsp;همواره اکثر کاربران نرم افزار اتوکد از بهم ریختن فونت فارسی نقشه هاشون گله دارند و همیشه به دنبال فونتهایی هستند که در این نرم افزار کار کنه.من هم برای اینکه کار برخی از شماها رو راحتتر کنم این فونتهارو براتون پیدا کردم و در اختیارتون گذاشتم. امید است که راضی باشید . . . . . . . . . . .</STRONG></FONT></P> <P align=justify><STRONG><FONT color=#33cc00 size=3 face="Times New Roman">لینک دانلود فونتها</FONT></STRONG></P> <P align=justify><A class=postlink href="http://sarironline.persiangig.com/Software/AutoCAD%20Farsi%20Font%20Collection_sarironline.ir.exe"><FONT size=1>http://sarironline.persiangig.com/Softw ... ine.ir.exe</FONT></A><!-- m --><BR></P> text/html 2012-02-12T20:09:10+01:00 atilaomransazeh.mihanblog.com آتیلا امینی دانلود نرم افزار بارگذاری http://atilaomransazeh.mihanblog.com/post/73 <P><FONT color=#3333ff size=3 face="times new roman,times,serif"><STRONG>سلام عزیزان</STRONG></FONT></P> <P align=justify><FONT color=#ff0000 size=3 face="times new roman,times,serif"><STRONG>&nbsp;بازهم از سایت خوب مهندسی عمران ایران یه نرم افزار کوچک و کاربردی رو برای شما دانشجویان گذاشتم. این نرم افزار که میتونه خیلی در درس بارگذاری بهتون کمک کنه نوشته آقای حسین احمدی است که دارای امکانات زیر است :</STRONG></FONT></P> <P align=justify><FONT color=#33cc00 size=3 face="times new roman,times,serif"><STRONG>بارگذاری سازه تا 8 طبقه - ذخیره اطلاعات در دیتابیس - امکان چاپ گزارشات نهایی - کنترل نرم افزار با رمز عبور و امکان تعریف بی نهایت کاربر - امکان اضافه کردن مشخصات شرکت - نرم افزار تبدیل واحد های مهندسی پیشرفته - به همراه مبحث 6 مقررات ملی ساختمان - بهینه سازی شده برای ویندوز 7&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; ( نقل قول از جناب آقای حسین احمدی)<BR></STRONG></FONT></P> <P align=justify><FONT color=#33cc00 size=3 face="times new roman,times,serif"><STRONG>قابل توجه دوستان :<BR>نام کاربری و رمز عبور پیش فرض برای ورود به نرم افزار<BR>نام کاربری :admin<BR>کلمه عبور :1234<BR><BR>جهت راحتی کار فایل راهنما به نرم افزار اضافه شده است.دوستانی که با مشکل نمایش فارسی در نرم افزار مواجه می باشند می توانند در پایان نصب فایل help را که به نرم افزار ضمیمه شده، برای فعال کردن زبان فارسی در ویندوز های ایکس پی ، ویستا و 7 مطالعه نمایند.<BR><BR>فایل راهنما بصورت پی دی اف می باشد و بدیهی است که در صورت نصب نبودن اکروبات ریدر در سیستم امکان مشاهده آن نخواهد بود ( حجم برنامه 6.45 مگابایت )</STRONG></FONT></P> <P align=justify><STRONG><FONT color=#cc33cc size=3 face="Times New Roman">نرم افزار رو از لینک زیر دانلود کنید.</FONT></STRONG></P> <P align=justify><A class=postlink href="http://tabrizsazeh.persiangig.com/App/Loading.rar"><FONT size=1>http://tabrizsazeh.persiangig.com/App/Loading.rar</FONT></A><!-- m --><BR></P> text/html 2012-02-12T19:34:18+01:00 atilaomransazeh.mihanblog.com آتیلا امینی دانلود عکسهای اجرایی محافظت از دیوارهای مجاور در گودبرداری http://atilaomransazeh.mihanblog.com/post/72 <P align=justify><FONT color=#6600cc size=2 face=tahoma,arial,helvetica,sans-serif><STRONG>سلام عزیزان</STRONG></FONT></P> <P align=justify><FONT color=#993399 size=2 face=tahoma,arial,helvetica,sans-serif><STRONG>یکی از مباحث مهم در عمران ، گودبرداری اصولی و حفاظت از دیوارهای گودبرداری است که در این چند سال اخیر در کل کشور بارها و بارها مسئله ساز بوده و به غیر از وارد کردن خسارات مالی ، جان بسیاری از هموطنان ما رو گرفته است و بسیاری از مهندسین مارا روانه زندان نموده است. متاسفانه در اکثر پروژه های ساختمانی پس از گود برداری به ساختمانهای مجاور گود هیچ توجهی نمی شود و آئین نامه های مربوطه اصلاً رعایت نمیگردد. ازاینرو هنگام بازدید از سایت مهندسی عمران ایران متوجه این عکسها شدم و تصمیم گرفتم که این عکسهارو نیز برای شما بزارم تا شما دانشجویان عزیز هم از نحوه صحیح و درست مجافظت از دیوارهای گودبرداری مطلع شوید . البته دوستان فقط به این عکسها اکتفا نکنید و مطالعه خودتون رو در این زمینه زیاد کنید و با انواع روشهای موجود (چه قدیمی و چه جدید) آشنا بشید تا در آینده از این اتفاقات ناگوار جلوگیری کنید. به امید روزیکه همه مهندسین کشورمون به همه مسایل مهندسی آگاه باشند و دیگر شاهد چنین حوادث دلخراشی نباشیم. انشاالله</STRONG></FONT></P> <P align=justify><STRONG><FONT color=#993399 size=2>عکسها رو از لینک زیر دانلود کنید.</FONT></STRONG></P> <P align=justify><A class=postlink href="http://s1.picofile.com/file/7268080321/omid2010i_blogsky_com.rar.html"><FONT size=1>http://s1.picofile.com/file/7268080321/ ... m.rar.html</FONT></A></P> text/html 2012-02-12T19:17:46+01:00 atilaomransazeh.mihanblog.com آتیلا امینی دانلود جزوه مهندسی پی دکتر امین کشاورز http://atilaomransazeh.mihanblog.com/post/70 <P align=justify><FONT color=#ff0000 size=3 face="georgia,times new roman,times,serif"><STRONG>سلام به دانشجویان عزیز</STRONG></FONT></P> <P align=justify><FONT color=#009900 size=3 face="georgia,times new roman,times,serif"><STRONG>در این پست با دانلود یه جزوه تایپ شده و مصور بسیار خوب مهندسی پی از دکتر امین کشاورز استاد دانشگاه خلیج فارس در خدمتتون هستم. با توجه به قرار داشتن در نیمسال دوم تحصیلی ، دانشجویان مقطع کارشناسی ناپیوسته عمران - عمران در ترم دوم به احتمال زیاد این درس رو در لیست انتخاب واحدشون دارند واین درس رو حتما گرفتند. پس برای اینکه بتونید این درس رو با نمره بالاتری پاس کنید ، معطل نکنید و این جزوه خوب رو از لینک زیر دانلود کنید. موفق و پیروز باشید دوستان</STRONG></FONT></P> <P align=justify><STRONG><FONT color=#3333ff size=3 face=Georgia>لینک دانلود</FONT></STRONG></P> <P align=justify><A class=postlink href="http://www.faupload.com/upload/90/Bahman/mohandesi-pey-keshavarz-www-civilsun-blogfa-com.rar"><FONT size=1>http://www.faupload.com/upload/90/Bahma ... fa-com.rar</FONT></A></P>